Paths of Obatala: The different facets of the Orisha of Purity

Roads of Obatala

The figure of Obatala, one of the most revered Orishas in the Yoruba religion, represents purity, peace and justice. Known as the father of all Orishas and human beings, Baba offers protection to his followers and guides them towards a life of balance and harmony. The numerous Roads of Obatalá, reflect the different aspects and teachings of this deity. From manifestations of wisdom and creativity to warriors and protectors, the avatars of this deity are as diverse as life itself.

What are the Paths of Obatalá?

  1. Obatalá Oshanla: Female representation revered for its wisdom and longevity.
  2. obamoro: Elderly and long-suffering, king of Ibao.
  3. Obatala Ayaguna: Young warrior and king of Ketu.
  4. oshagriñan: Male figure of great antiquity, father of Orunmila and Changó.
  5. Baba Obalufon: Inventor of fabrics and carpentry.
  6. Baba Asho: Young warrior from Ibada.
  7. Obatala Yeku Yeku: Extremely elderly female deity.
  8. Orishanla Baba Fururu: Youth advisor.
  9. Obatala Ayalua: Known as the exterminating angel of Ife.
  10. Obatala Elefuro: Queen of Ife.
  11. Obatalá Aguema (Alaguema): Linked with nature and survival.
  12. Yemu: Merchant and cunning female deity.
  13. Eluaye: Figure of tenderness and care.
  14. Akilambo: Lord of Ibadan.
  15. Obatala Obanla: Female figure of power and dignity.
  16. Obatala Obalabi: Representation of perseverance and internal strength.
  17. Oloyu Okuni: Guardian of vision and perception.
  18. Osha Orulu: King of the Ewado.
  19. Obatala Ayelu: Enigmatic and calm figure.
  20. Ala Albalashe: Powerful Oracle.
  21. Anasuare: Reflects the overcoming of suffering and sacrifice.
  22. Ogane: Spiritual guardian.
  23. Okeilu: Distinguished by its elevated position.
  24. Oluphon: Figure of peace and eloquence.
  25. Oginiyan: Enigmatic and reserved.
  26. Obatala Orisha Yeye: Matriarch of the female Obatalá.
  27. Obon: Protector of souls.
  28. Obatala Airanike: Warrior and companion.
  29. Oyu Alueko: Desiring to be the universal father.
  30. Orisha Iwuin: Divine potter.
  31. Oyedade: Virtuous hunter.
  32. ekundire: Adventurer and explorer.
  33. Obatalá Orisha Obala: Young and energetic.
  34. Bibinike: One-eyed giant.
  35. Obatalá Oshereibo: Shangó's companion.
  36. ekanike: King of the Igbos.
  37. Adegu: Leader of the Efushe.
  38. Obatala Abani: Wise teacher of Iyebu.

The paths of Obatalá represent a vast and rich variety of aspects within the Yoruba religion. Each path stands out for its unique characteristics, teachings, and attributes, offering a deep look into the complexity and diversity of this deity.. From ancient wisdom to spiritual protection, and from artistic creation to leadership and warfare, Obatalá's paths encompass a broad spectrum of human and divine experience. This diversity not only shows the multifaceted nature of this Orisha, but also reflects the different ways in which the faithful can connect and find guidance in their lives.

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Deep Exploration of the Paths of Obatalá

Orishanla Paths

Obatalá Oshanla

Feminine, Oshanla is a representation of serenity and wisdom. Originally from the land of Owu, she is known for her deep compassion and her ability to protect her children from danger and adversity. Her sacred space, infused with white and perfume, symbolizes the purity and peace she promotes.

Baba Obamoro


This path reflects the experience of suffering and resilience. As the king of Ibao, Obamoro bears the scars of life with dignity, teaching the importance of strength in the face of adversity. His five messengers, representing different forms of physical challenges, remind us that spiritual strength can overcome any physical obstacle.

Obatala Ayaguna

Ayaguna, son of Oshagriñan and king of Ketú, personifies the warrior spirit. With a sword in hand and a red and white flag, he symbolizes the fight against injustice and the protection of his people. His quarrelsome and revolutionary nature highlights the need for change and transformation.

Baba Oshagriñan

A father figure of great power, Oshagriñan is an elderly warrior who still rises to fight when necessary. He symbolizes the order and structure he brought to the world, using his wisdom and strength to maintain balance and justice.

Baba Obalufon

Obalufon is the innovator and the artisan, whose creations have enriched the world and the lives of those who inhabit it. From weaving to carpentry, his skills are a testament to divine creativity and inventiveness.

Baba Asho

Young and vibrant, Asho is a warrior who dances on the edge of battle and celebration. He represents youthful joy and bravery, teaching that life, even in the midst of conflict, is full of color and movement.

Obatala Yeku Yeku

Yeku Yeku is the old woman who has seen the passing of countless suns. Her presence evokes the depth of time and the wisdom that comes with age. Protected from the sun and the air, she symbolizes maternal care and protection that extends beyond the visible reach.

Orishanla Baba Fururu

Youth counselor and guiding figure, Baba Fururu reminds us of the importance of wise counsel and guidance. His connection to clay speaks to the need to stay rooted in our traditions and values.


Ayalua is the exterminating angel, a reminder that death is part of the cycle of life. His presence is a call to reflect on the transitory nature of our existence and the importance of living with purpose.

Obatala Elefuro

Known as the queen of oil, Elefuro symbolizes nutrition and the light that sustains life. Her domain is a space of warmth and care, where darkness is dispelled by the light of the lamp.

Obatalá Aguema or Alaguema


Aguema, also known as Alaguema, embodies the deep connection with nature and survival. His bond with the chameleon and his residence at the top of the ceiba tree highlight adaptability and environmental wisdom. This path teaches us the importance of being in harmony with our environment and using its gifts with respect and gratitude.


Yemu, a shrewd trader, represents the ability to negotiate and prosper in the material world. Her mastery over death symbolizes the power of transformation and rebirth, reminding us that even in endings there are new beginnings.


Eluaye, Olofin's spoiled daughter, is a symbol of divine favor and grace. Her sedentary posture and her foundation composed of otas and two snail hands emphasize the importance of contemplation and reception in our spiritual lives.


Akilambo, king of Ibadan, is distinguished by his joviality and love of life. His association with alcohol and festivities highlights the importance of joy and enjoyment as essential components of the human experience.

Obatala Obanla

Obanla, female in gender, shares a special connection with Oduduwa, reflecting the interconnectedness and interdependence of Yoruba deities. Her path emphasizes the importance of relationships and community in spirituality and everyday life.

Obatala Obalabi

Obalabi, also female and originally from Oyo, teaches us about challenges and communication. Despite her deafness, her ability to connect and protect her children highlights the power of empathy and understanding beyond words.

Oloyu Okuni

Oloyu Okuni, the owner of man's eyes, symbolizes vision, both physical and spiritual. This path reminds us of the importance of insight and clarity of thought in navigating our lives.

Osha Orulu

Osha Orulu, king of the Ewado, represents sovereignty and protection. His ability to defend and guide his people highlights the responsibility inherent in power and leadership.

Obatala Ayelu

Ayelu, hailing from the city of Abaidan, is a reminder of calm and patience. His focus on meditation and reflection teaches us about the importance of stillness and silence in a world full of noise and distractions.

Ala Albalashe

Ala Albalashe, the powerful oracle, connects us with ancestral knowledge and foresight. His ability to reveal the past, present and future emphasizes the importance of intuition and wisdom in decision making.


Anasuare tells us about resistance in the face of life's toughest tests. This path of Obatalá, marked by a personality that combines suffering with pride, teaches us about humility and the importance of treating others with compassion and respect, despite our own struggles or success.


Ogane, as a guardian who has a strong back, symbolizes protection and constant vigilance. This path highlights the importance of resilience and care, reminding us that we are protected both physically and spiritually, and in turn, we have a responsibility to protect those around us.


The king of Akiti and Okuta, Okeilu, invites us to aspire to great heights and always seek knowledge and wisdom. This path underlines the importance of positive ambition and continuous growth, reminding us to always keep our sights high and work towards our goals.

Obatala Olufon

Olufon, the eternal and constant speaker of Olofin, teaches us about eloquence and the importance of words. His presence reminds us that we must speak with intention and truth, and that our words have the power to illuminate, guide, and heal.


This lesser known path, Oguiniyan, reveals the mystery and importance of completing what has been started. It represents the culmination and completion of efforts, showing us that everything in life has a closure and that it is necessary to bring our works and projects to a successful conclusion.

Obatala Orisha Yeye

Orisha Yeye, the eldest of the female Obatalá, symbolizes motherhood, protection and guidance. As the owner of all the titles granted to Obatalá, she teaches us about the power and responsibility of caring, and the importance of leading others with love and wisdom.


Obon, in charge of the soul of his children upon death, tells us about the transcendence and eternity of the spirit. This path reminds us that, although our bodies are mortal, our spirit continues its journey, guided and protected by divine forces.


Airanike, warrior and companion of Osha Lufón, stands out for his bravery and strength in battle. This path invites us to face our fears and challenges with courage, knowing that the spiritual battle is as important as the physical one.

Oyu Alueko

Oyu Alueko expresses the desire to be the father of all, a reflection of inclusion and universal love. This path teaches us about acceptance and unconditional love, reminding us that we are all part of one great spiritual family.

Obatalá Orisha Iwuin

Orisha Iwuin, the divine potter, represents creativity and transformation. This path encourages us to shape our lives and destinies with our own hands, reminding us that we are co-creators of our reality.


As king of Ikiti and virtuous hunter, Oyedade symbolizes skill and precision. This path reminds us that, with focus and determination, we can achieve our goals and overcome any obstacle in our path.


Ekundire, always accompanied by Oduduwa, stands out for his role as a bridge between the spiritual and earthly worlds. This path teaches us about the interconnection of all beings and the importance of maintaining a balance between our spiritual roots and our earthly existence.

Obatalá Orisha Obala

Orisha Obala, young and full of energy, reminds us that youth and vigor are qualities that we must nurture and value. This path invites us to keep alive our curiosity and our desire to explore and learn.


Bibinike, the one-eyed giant, tells us about uniqueness and strength. Through this path, we learn that being different or unique is not a weakness, but a source of power and uniqueness.

Obatalá Oshereibo

Shangó's companion, Oshereibo emphasizes the importance of alliance and brotherhood. This path teaches us that, together, we are stronger and that unity in diversity is our greatest strength.


Ekanike, king of the Igbos and always accompanied by Changó and Ayaguna, symbolizes justice and power. This path reminds us that the fight for justice requires courage, and that we must always be prepared to defend truth and fairness.


Adegu, the king of the Efushe, shows us purity and clarity. His albinism symbolizes uniqueness and beauty in difference, teaching us that every being has a place and divine purpose in the universe.

Obatala Abani

Abani, the wise teacher of the Iyebu people, tells us about the importance of wisdom and continuous learning. Through his sacrifice and rebirth as a green coconut bush, Abani teaches us about resilience, renewal and the eternal cycle of life and knowledge.

Each path of Obatalá offers a window to different aspects of divinity and, through them, vital teachings for spiritual growth and human well-being. These manifestations of Obatalá serve as guides on the path to a deep understanding of existence, offering protection, wisdom and support in times of need. Through exploring these paths, we can find guidance for our lives, learning to navigate challenges with grace and strength.

You can read: Discover the most powerful Prayers to Obatala for health, prosperity, love and more

Why are there female Obatala paths?

Female Obatala paths

The existence of female Obatalá paths is a fascinating aspect of the Yoruba religion and its practice in various parts of the world, especially in Cuba. The gender duality within the paths of Obatalá reflects the deep Yoruba understanding of divinity, where divine energy transcends human limitations of gender, manifesting in both masculine and feminine forms to encompass the entire human experience.

Divine Transfiguration

Obatalá, being a deity of high spiritual and moral stature, has the unique ability to present himself in both male and female form. This duality symbolizes the totality and completeness of being, highlighting that divinity can reflect all aspects of creation and human experience. The energy of Obatalá, therefore, is not limited to a single gender, but extends through both to teach, guide, and protect all of his children.

Preparation and Consecration of Attributes

The practice of differentiating Obatalá's attributes according to gender underlines the importance of symbolic representation in the Yoruba religion. In the Cuban context, the adaptation and reinterpretation of these practices have led to some variations, such as the exclusion of the Otas (sacred stones) in the feminine foundations of Obatalá, replacing them with marine elements such as the long sea snail Okinkonk. This reflects the belief that female Obatalás originate from the sea, while male Obatalás come from the land, a narrative that symbolizes the union of contrary elements to create life.

Mythical Origin and Human Creation

The narrative of Orisha Aye, the first Obatalá to emerge from the sea, and the subsequent creation of human heads, highlights the essential role of Obatalá in the formation of the human being. According to the Odus of Ifá, Obatalá not only participates in physical creation but also in the allocation of destinies, ensuring that each person receives a head (ori) that determines their path in life. This act of creation directly links Obatalá to the destiny of each individual, reinforcing his position as a parental and protective figure in the Yoruba worldview.

Peace and Conflict Resolution

Obatalá's intervention in disputes between the Orishas over the possession of a head highlights his role as peacemaker and mediator. Being a deity respected by all Orishas, ​​Obatalá has the authority to calm tensions and ensure balance, reflecting his benevolent and just nature. This aspect underlines the importance of harmony and balance within religious practice and the community of believers.

The existence of female and male Obatalá paths is a testament to the richness and complexity of the Yoruba religion, offering multiple avenues of connection and spiritual understanding for its followers. Through these manifestations, Obatalá is revealed as a multifaceted deity, capable of encompassing and expressing the entirety of the human experience, guiding her children towards wisdom, protection, and balance in their lives.


Exploring the paths of Obatalá opens the doors to a deeper understanding of the complexity and richness of Yoruba spirituality. Through his various manifestations, Obatalá teaches us about balance, justice, protection, and the importance of living a life aligned with high principles. Each path not only reflects a unique aspect of human and divine experience but also offers valuable lessons for spiritual and personal growth.

Learn more about Obatala (Orisha Nla):

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